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Why designing the Indian Constitution was a long and tedious process

The Indian Constitution needed to undergo a lot of formative occasions which have acquired a exceptional place in the nation’s historical past.

The Indian Constitution is a framework which governs the nation and its residents. In order to make it extra detailed, it needed to undergo a lot of formative occasions, and these had been the occasions which have acquired a exceptional place in Indian historical past.

The Indian Constitution is exclusive in each spirit and content material. Notwithstanding the undeniable fact that a number of options of the structure have been borrowed from different constitutions from throughout the world, it’s actually a distinctive piece of labor. Two years, eleven months and seventeen days, was the time taken to draft the historic Constitution of unbiased India, which was adopted on November 26, 1949 and got here into impact on January 2, 1950. The Constitution consists of 448 Articles in 25 Parts and 12 Schedules.  

The Beginning 

The starting of the have to have a structure could be traced again to 1919, which marked an necessary step in India’s Constitutional improvement throughout the British Rule. These reforms had been an try to deal with the calls for of Indians for higher participation in governance and gradual self-governance. 

The British Parliament was introduced with the Commonwealth Of India Bill, 1925 which demanded elementary rights for Indians. These rights included: particular person liberty, freedom of conscience, free expression of opinion, free meeting, and equality earlier than legislation.

In November 1927, the British authorities appointed the Simon Commission to evaluation the working of the Government of India Act, 1919 and suggest constitutional reforms for India. The Commission didn’t have a single Indian member, which aggravated leaders of nationalist motion. In response to the Commission, the Indian Congress handed a decision to arrange a committee, which later got here to be often called the “Nehru Committee” after its chairman Motilal Nehru. The committee was shaped for the function of drafting of “a Swaraj Constitution for India” 

The Nehru Report

The report was introduced on fifteenth august, 1928, proposed a new dominion standing for India. Major Components of the Nehru Report had been, Bill of Rights, assigning equal rights to all genders as residents, formation of a federal type of authorities with residuary powers in the fingers of centre, and proposal for the creation of Supreme Court.  

The report acquired varied responses; the subject of communal illustration was controversial. Many Muslim leaders advised 1/third illustration of Muslims in the Central Legislature. Representation to Muslims in Punjab and Bengal in proportion to their populations, formation of three new provinces with a Muslim majority.  

However, the Hindu Mahasabha was against the formation of the new provinces and the communal illustration in Bengal and Punjab. They pressed for a strictly unitary system. 

The Constituent Assembly 

1934 was when the inception of a constituent meeting was first put forth by the pioneer of the Communist Movement, M. N. Roy, adopted by the Indian National Congress. 

In 1936, the Indian National Congress held its session at Lucknow, which was presided by Jawaharlal Nehru. The official demand of the constituent meeting was raised and was rejected because it imposed the Constitution which was in opposition to the will of Indians. Later on fifteenth November, 1939, Rajagopalachari voiced the demand for a constituent meeting primarily based on grownup franchise, which was accepted by the British.  

The August Offer 

Viceroy Linlithgow, on eighth August 1940, made a assertion promising the growth of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to incorporate extra Indians. It gave extra weight to minority opinion and recognised the rights of the Indians to border their very own Constitution. This was often called The August Offer.  

However, the Indian Congress couldn’t belief the British authorities’s intentions. Linlithgow, proposed resolving the Indian structure after the warfare by means of a constituent committee assembly at Wardha.   

February, 1946 

Cabinet Mission was a high-powered mission despatched in February 1946 to India by the Atlee Government. The mission had three British cupboard members – Pethick Lawrence, Stafford Cripps and AV Alexander. The Cabinet Mission’s intention was to debate the switch of energy from British to Indian management. 

However, the mission failed as the Congress social gathering needed a robust centre with minimal powers for the provinces whereas, the Muslim League needed robust political safeguards for the Muslims like parity in the legislatures. Since each events had many ideological variations and couldn’t discover frequent floor, the mission got here up with its personal set of proposals in May 1946. 

December 1946 

When India was on the verge of getting its freedom, the constituent meeting met for the very first time with an intention to border an unbiased structure, which might later be often called the world’s lengthiest structure. The constituent Assembly consisted of three-hundred members, and was headed by Dr Rajendra Prasad.  

Later on, August twenty ninth, 1947 a drafting committee was established below the chairmanship of Dr BR Ambekar, to provide you with the draft of the structure. After repeated debates, arguments, addition and deletion of clauses, the structure was lastly adopted on November twenty sixth ,1949 with 284 signing members. The meeting ceased to exist from the twenty sixth day of January, 1950, and the structure was lastly relevant.  

Long Process 

Framing of the Constitution was a long and tedious process. The Framers of our structure framed each phrase of the structure with cautious deliberation and discussions, which has resulted into one in every of the world’s best constitutions until date. The Indian structure is the supreme legislation of our nation, it’s adopted by our folks as said in its preamble. 


The writer, Satya Muley, is a Pune-based practising lawyer in Bombay High Court and the Supreme Court of India.

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the writer’s personal and don’t replicate these of DNA.)

Nilesh Desai
Nilesh Desaihttps://www.TheNileshDesai.com
The Hindu Patrika is founded in 2016 by Mr. Nilesh Desai. This website is providing news and information mainly related to Hinduism. We appreciate if you send News, information or suggestion.

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