PM Modi’s Vienna agenda echo of Indira legacy

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PM Modi reached Vienna from Moscow on Tuesday. His go to additionally comes within the backdrop of New Delhi and Vienna celebrating 75 years of diplomatic relations.

PM Modi is in Austria on a two-day go to (July 9 & 10), the primary by an Indian prime minister in over 4 a long time. He reached Vienna from Moscow on Tuesday. Modi’s go to additionally comes within the backdrop of New Delhi and Vienna celebrating 75 years of diplomatic relations.

 

When he reached Vienna, he was welcomed by Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer. Modi thanked him for a “warm welcome”. According to reviews, the Chancellor mentioned this go to—the primary by an Indian PM in additional than 40 years—was a particular honour, the final being that by Indira Gandhi in 1983. He added that they’d have the prospect to debate strengthening the 2 nations’ bilateral relationship and dealing collectively on numerous geopolitical challenges.

 

PM Modi mentioned it was an honour to go to Austria on this historic event and that he appeared ahead to their talks on deepening ties between the 2 nations and exploring new areas of cooperation. Later, Modi interacted with members of the Indian neighborhood and attended a non-public occasion hosted by Nehammer.

 

On Sunday, earlier than his journey to Austria, Modi had emphasised that the shared values of democracy, freedom and the rule of regulation have been the foundations on which the 2 nations would strengthen their partnership. Modi is ready to satisfy the President of Austria, Alexander Van der Bellen, and maintain discussions with Nehammer on Wednesday (July 10).

 

What’s on Modi’s agenda throughout this journey? Who will he meet and why is his go to to Austria essential?

 

STRENGTHENING THE PARTNERSHIP

India and Austria are set to strengthen their relationship additional. Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra had instructed the press that this go to would broaden the partnership and handle essential regional and world points of mutual curiosity. He mentioned this go to would permit the 2 nations to debate key areas of bilateral ties and handle essential points of regional and world.

 

Kwatra had mentioned Austria, a key nation in Central Europe, provided glorious alternatives for cooperation in such areas as infrastructure, renewable vitality, excessive know-how, start-ups and media and leisure. He had reminded the press that Austria was residence to such main organizations because the International Atomic Energy Agency, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

 

Modi’s go to additionally follows the launch of the India-Austria ‘Startup Bridge’ in February 2024. The bridge goals to extend collaboration and data sharing between startups in each nations. It was already exhibiting optimistic outcomes, Kwatra mentioned. India and Austria have additionally signed a complete settlement on migration and mobility.

 

HISTORICAL TIES AND KEY VISITS

Austria acknowledged India’s independence in 1947 and the 2 nations established diplomatic relations in 1949. In 1955, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visited Austria.

 

On Tuesday, the Congress highlighted Nehru’s vital position in establishing a sovereign and impartial Austria within the Fifties. Congress basic secretary Jairam Ramesh was quoted by First Post as saying that Dr Hans Köchler, a famous Austrian educational, had written about Nehru’s key position in Austria’s emergence as a sovereign and impartial nation after the World War II occupation.

 

In 1980, Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky visited India, adopted by Austrian Chancellor Fred Sinowatz’s go to in 1984, shut on the heels of Indira Gandhi’s go to to Austria in 1983. While no Indian prime minister has visited Austria since Gandhi, there have been a number of visits on the presidential degree. 

 

President KR Narayanan visited Austria in 1999, President Heinz Fischer in 2005, Austrian Vice-Chancellor Josef Pröll in 2010 and President Pratibha Patil in 2011, as detailed on the MEA web site. According to the web site, India and Austria have usually witnessed trade visits, together with these by leaders, ministers and parliamentarians.

 

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar visited Austria from December 31, 2022, to January 3, 2023. During his go to, he met Austrian Federal President Alexander Van der Bellen, Chancellor Karl Nehammer and President of the National Council Wolfgang Sobotka. He additionally held delegation-level talks with Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg, ensuing within the signing of 5 agreements, as famous within the June 2023 bilateral relations profile.

 

During Austrian Foreign Minister Schallenberg’s go to to India in 2022, the ministers mentioned the “entire gamut of bilateral relations, including political, economic, commercial and consular ties.” The Financial Express highlights that India and Austria have had cultural exchanges courting again to the sixteenth Century. The MEA web site notes that “the visits of India’s philosopher-poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore to Vienna in 1921 and 1926 were crucial bridges of cultural and intellectual exchange between India and Austria.”

 

GROWING BILATERAL TRADE

According to ETV Bharat, bilateral commerce between India and Austria has been step by step rising. The Financial Express reviews that this commerce reached $2.93 billion in 2023. India exports electronics, textiles, attire, footwear and chemical compounds to Austria, whereas Austria sends equipment, automotive elements and chemical compounds to India.

 

INDIAN COMMUNITY & CULTURAL HERITAGE IN AUSTRIA

Austria is known for its wealthy cultural and architectural heritage, with Vienna notably identified for its orchestral music and legendary composers. According to the MEA, about 31,000 Indians, primarily from Kerala and Punjab, reside in Austria. The Indian neighborhood consists largely of professionals, particularly within the healthcare sector and multilateral UN organizations, in addition to businessmen and self-employed people. They are virtually evenly cut up between non-resident Indians (NRIs) and individuals of Indian origin (PIOs). Additionally, over 500 Indian college students are pursuing greater schooling in Austria, in keeping with the MEA.

 

STRENGTHENING ECONOMIC TIES 

 

Key Developments in 2023 & Beyond

In 2023, India attracted a complete of 733 million euros in direct funding. Conversely, investments from India to Austria reached roughly 1.159 billion euros in the identical yr. To improve innovation and entrepreneurship between the 2 nations, the India-Austria ‘Startup Bridge’ was inaugurated in February 2024. There are over 200 partnerships between Indian and Austrian corporations, encompassing 100 technical collaborations and 60 joint ventures, primarily in such sectors as metal, manufacturing know-how, railways, transport and metallurgy.

 

Numerous bilateral agreements (MoUs) have been signed at each authorities and institutional ranges, establishing a framework for intensive cooperation. These agreements cowl such areas as avoidance of double taxation, infrastructure improvement, railways, well being, science and know-how, agriculture, transport and ports and Ayurveda, amongst others.

 

AUSTRIA’S SATELLITE MILESTONE

Austria’s inaugural satellites, TUGSAT-1 and UniBRITE-1, have been efficiently launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) utilizing the PSLV-C20 rocket from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota on February 25, 2013.

 

AUSTRIA’S TECHNOLOGICAL EDGE

Austria excels in a number of key know-how sectors, together with biotechnology, prescription drugs and medical tools. The nation is a pacesetter in revolutionary mobility, contributing considerably as a producer and provider of automobile applied sciences and pioneering developments in rail and aviation. Austria additionally boasts a top-tier ecosystem for microelectronics and is residence to main inexperienced tech firms, excelling in such areas as waste administration, recycling, industrial manufacturing and the round financial system.

 

The Indian Navy was testing the rotary unmanned aerial system (UAS) from Austrian firm Schiebel, particularly their well-known Camcopter S-100, previous to Modi’s Austria go to. This UAS will probably be used for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) within the Indian Ocean Region.

 

Austria can also be on the forefront of Deep Tech developments, notably in synthetic intelligence (AI), cybersecurity and quantum know-how. Advanced manufacturing represents one other space of collaboration. Many Austrian industrial firms are world leaders, resembling Andritz AG (industrial vegetation and tools), Voestalpine AG (metal, automotive and railway techniques), Rosenbauer Group (fire-service autos), Miba AG (engine and industrial bearings), Lenzing AG (viscose fibers) and Doppelmayr Group (ropeways and folks movers).

 

(The creator of this text is a Defence, Aerospace & Political Analyst based mostly in Bengaluru. He can also be Director of ADD Engineering Components, India, Pvt. Ltd, a subsidiary of ADD Engineering GmbH, Germany. You can attain him at: girishlinganna@gmail.com)

 

(Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the creator’s personal and don’t mirror these of DNA)


Nilesh Desai
Nilesh Desaihttps://www.TheNileshDesai.com
The Hindu Patrika is founded in 2016 by Mr. Nilesh Desai. This website is providing news and information mainly related to Hinduism. We appreciate if you send News, information or suggestion.

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